Classification of endocarditis

Endocarditis - Wikipedi

  1. Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. It usually involves the heart valves. Other structures that may be involved include the interventricular septum, the chordae tendineae, the mural endocardium, or the surfaces of intracardiac devices. Endocarditis is characterized by lesions, known as vegetations,.
  2. Classification. Infective endocarditis is divided into the three categories of acute, subacute, and chronic based on the duration of symptoms. Acute infective endocarditis refers to the presence of signs and symptoms of infective endocarditis that are present for days up to six weeks. If these signs and symptoms persist for more than six weeks but less than three months, this is subacute.
  3. A classification based on the causative organism and the valve involved is more relevant clinically. Acute infective endocarditis develops suddenly and may become life threatening within days
  4. Endocarditis Overview. Infective endocarditis (IE) is caused by infection or inflammation of the inner lining of the heart... Risk Factors and Pathophysiology. Image: Presence of Coxiella burnetii DNA in inflamed bovine cardiac valves by BMC... Classification. Infective endocarditis can be further.
Endocarditis - Wikipedia

Infective endocarditis - Wikipedi

  1. Infective Endocarditis Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis, is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel. IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it. Risk factors for developing IE include
  2. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a multisystem disease that results from infection, usually bacterial, of the endocardial surface of the heart. It has been recognized as a pathological entity for hundreds of years and as an infectious process since the 19thcentury1
  3. positive echocardiogram for infective endocarditis oscillating intracardiac mass on valve or supporting structures or in the path of regurgitant jets or on implanted material in the absence of an alternative anatomical explanation o
  4. Classification ACUTE ENDOCARDITIS SUBACUTE ENDOCARDITIS• Destructive and tumultuous • Organisms of low virulence infection, frequently of a causing infection in a previously normal heart valve, previously abnormal heart, with a highly virulent particularly on deformed organism valves.

Demonstrated by culture or histologic examination of a vegetation, a vegetation that has embolized, or an intracardiac abscess specimen Classically, in subacute bacterial endocarditis, somatic complaints predominate. These nonspecific symptoms include low-grade fever, malaise with weakness and fatigue, anorexia (often with weight loss), intermittent diaphoresis, myalgias, and arthralgias 'Possible endocarditis' is defined by 1 major and 1 or 2 minor clinical criteria, OR 3 minor clinical criteria. The diagnosis of endocarditis is 'rejected' in any of the following cases: a firm alternate diagnosis is made; clinical manifestations resolve after ≤4 days of antibiotic therap Endocarditis is defined as damage to the endocardium associated with thrombus formation. The endothelial lining of the heart covers all internal structure of the heart including valvular surfaces. Endocarditis can be infective if colonised by bacteria or fungi or Non Bacterial Thrombotic Endocarditis (NBTE) Endocarditis usually refers to infection of the endocardium (ie, infective endocarditis). The term can also include noninfective endocarditis, in which sterile platelet and fibrin thrombi form on cardiac valves and adjacent endocardium. Noninfective endocarditis sometimes leads to infective endocarditis

S ir —Chu et al. provide interesting data about native-valve endocarditis due to coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS). They report that 40 (60%) of 67 cases of CoNS endocarditis and 127 (65%) of 194 cases of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis were classified as community acquired endocarditis, infective endocarditis, prophylaxis, prevention, antibiotic, antimicrobial, pathogens, organisms, dental, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, streptococcus, enterococcus, staphylococcus, respiratory, dental surgery, pathogenesis

Types and Causes of Infective Endocarditi

Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the inner lining of the heart muscle (endocardium) caused by bacteria, fungi, or germs that enter through the bloodstream. IE occurs most frequently in patients with abnormal (leaky or narrow) heart valves, artificial (prosthetic) heart valve or in people who have a pacemaker lead Background— Despite advances in medical, surgical, and critical care interventions, infective endocarditis remains a disease that is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The continuing evolution of antimicrobial resistance among common pathogens that cause infective endocarditis creates additional therapeutic issues for physicians to manage in this potentially life. Infective endocarditis constitutes a group of clinical situations, whose cause and location can vary. The Task Force on the Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (Habib et al., 2009) proposed a classification of infective endocarditis into different categories relating to: Summary. Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardium that typically affects one or more heart valves.The condition is usually a result of bacteremia, which is most commonly caused by dental procedures, surgery, distant primary infections, and nonsterile injections. IE may be acute (developing over hours or days) or subacute (progressive over weeks to months)

CONCLUSION: ICD-10-CM codes can accurately identify patients with infective endocarditis, and so administrative databases offer a potential means to study this infection over large jurisdictions, and thereby improve the prediction, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this rare but serious infection Infective endocarditis often presents non-specifically, most commonly with fever and symptoms/signs of embolism.Consider historical sources of bacteraemia, such as indwelling vascular catheters, recent dental work, and intravenous drug use.Symptoms are often subtle and examination is often non-spec A: A biopsy is performed when myocarditis is suspected and when making the diagnosis of myocarditis may impact treatment options or prognosis (expected outcomes as in life-threatening outcomes). It is recommended that if a patient has an indication (reason) for an endomyocardial biopsy and they are at a medical center where this expertise is unavailable, the patient should be transferred to a. Suspected bacterial endocarditis [online publication]. ACR 2014 PDF; Murdoch DR, Corey GR, Hoen B, et al. Clinical presentation, etiology, and outcome of infective endocarditis in the 21st century: the International Collaboration on Endocarditis-Prospective Cohort Study

Endocarditis Concise Medical Knowledg

(1996). Classification of Infective Endocarditis by Duke's Criteria and Transesophageal Echocardiography: A 1-Year Retrospective Analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases: Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 407-410 The Duke Criteria for Infective Endocarditis provides standardized diagnostic criteria for endocarditis. This is an unprecedented time. It is the dedication of healthcare workers that will lead us through this crisis. Thank you for everything you do. COVID-19 Resource Center † Ninth and tenth revisions of International Classification of Diseases Clinical Modification and Related Health Problems (ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM) codes for both drug dependence and endocarditis. The figure above is a line graph showing the incidence of hospital discharge diagnoses of drug dependence-associated endocarditis, by age group, in. Endocarditis is traditionally defined as an inflammation of the endothelial lining of the heart which usually results in the formation of 'vegetations' - platelet and fibrin aggregates which can enlarge to several centimeters in diameter. Endocarditis is most frequently infective in origin, and the definition has been expanded to include infection of intracardiac prosthetic material such. Infective endocarditis 1. INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS 2. Contents of Lecture Endocarditis - Definitions - Epidemiology - classification - Pathogenesis - Clinical Presentations - Diagnosis - Complications - treatment - prophylaxis 3

Infective Endocarditis American Heart Associatio

Infective endocarditis is a fatal disease if left untreated. Heart failure is the leading cause of death in infective endocarditis. This is due to the damage caused to valves. 40-60% of autopsies. Antiretroviral agents are synthetic antiviral agents that have antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and are used in the management of HIV infection. There currently are 5 different classes of antiretroviral agents commercially available: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), HIV protease inhibitors, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs.

An acute cardiac condition charaterized by Inflammation of the heart valve, typically secondary to bacterial infection. Diagnosis is made by positive blood cultures and echocardiography. Treatment is antibiotics or surgical valve replacement depending on the severity and chronicity of the disease. Epidemiology Tests used to confirm or rule out endocarditis include: Blood culture test. A blood culture test is used to identify any germs in your bloodstream. Blood culture test results help your doctor choose the most appropriate antibiotic or combination of antibiotics. Complete blood count. This blood test can tell your doctor if you have a lot of. Twenty strains of streptococci isolated from the blood of cases of endocarditis were studied by the tests suggested by SHERMAN (growth at 10°C. and 45°C., growth in the presence of 6.5 percent. NaCl and of 0.1 percent. methylene blue, liquefaction of gelatin and reduction of litmus milk) and by the usual fermentation tests. Twelve of the strains behaved in the same way as Strep. salivarius. Infective endocarditis (IE) is defined as an infection of the endocardial surface of the heart, which may include one or more heart valves, the mural endocardium, or a septal defect. Its intracardiac effects include severe valvular insufficiency, which may lead to intractable congestive heart failure and myocardial abscesses INTRODUCTION. Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) represents 5% to 10% of all infective endocarditis (IE) episodes in adults. 1 It can be divided into 3 groups according to the type of patient that host the disease: intravenous drug users (IDUs), cardiac device carriers (pacemakers and implantable automatic defibrillators), and the 3 noes endocarditis group: no left-sided, no IDUs.

Traditionally, infections have been classified as community or hospital-acquired, according to their place of acquisition, and this classification is still used to guide treatment decisions [1, 2].Over the last decade the massive increase in outpatient clinical care has led to a new context for the emergence of healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) Acute bacterial endocarditis. 2. Eosinophilic myocarditis (various causes amongst which viral or bacterial infections) 3. Inflammatory cardiomegaly. 8. Diseases caused by rheumatic fever (Rheumatic heart disease): 1. Acute rheumatic polyarthritis. 2. Rheumatic endocarditis (acute, subacute, latent) 3. Acute rheumatic myocarditis. 9 Bacterial Classification, Structure and Function Introduction The purpose of this lecture is to introduce you to terminology used in microbiology. The lecture will: 1. Cover different classification schemes for grouping bacteria, especially the use of the Gram stain 2. Describe the different types of bacteria 3 Classification of Community-Acquired Endocarditis Due to Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci July 2005 Clinical Infectious Diseases 40(11):1704; author reply 1704-

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis Infective endocarditis Papillary fibroelastoma Left atrial myoma Other cardioembolic source: Specify If you answered Stroke of undetermined etiology, please, check all that apply Multiple etiologies seem likely. Specify: If you answered Other determined etiology, please, check all that appl January 2021 17 - 1 CDC/NHSN Surveillance Definitions for Specific Types of Infections Introduction This chapter contains the CDC/NHSN surveillance definitions and criteria for all specific types of infections Endocarditis is a noncontagious chronic infection of the valves or lining of the heart, mainly caused by bacteria, although fungi can also be associated with this infection ().The risk of infection of heart valves in persons predisposed to acquiring infective endocarditis increases with the following conditions: congenital heart disease, rheumatic fever, major dental treatment, open heart. Infective endocarditis occurs worldwide, and is defined by infection of a native or prosthetic heart valve, the endocardial surface, or an indwelling cardiac device. The causes and epidemiology of the disease have evolved in recent decades with a doubling of the average patient age and an increased prevalence in patients with indwelling cardiac devices

Infective endocarditis - PubMed Central (PMC

Solely on the basis of MRI results and excluding microhemorrhages, diagnostic classification of 17 of 53 (32%) cases of nondefinite endocarditis was upgraded to either definite (14 patients) or possible (3 patients). Endocarditis therapeutic plans were modified for 24 (18%) of the 130 patients, including surgical plan modifications for 18 (14%) Bacteria are the commonest causative agents of infective endocarditis though it is possible to be due to the infections by other categories of organisms also. There are main two varieties of infective endocarditis as acute and subacute endocarditis. This classification is made based on the speed with which the clinical features develop. Risk. A recent study of ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision) diagnosis codes used to represent infective endocarditis cases at two large English hospital trusts concluded that the inclusion criteria for observational studies using electronic health records (EHRs) need to be selected very carefully, as, even when specific. Table 1 Classification of diabetes; ∗ Includes latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); the term used to describe the small number of people with apparent type 2 diabetes who appear to have immune-mediated loss of pancreatic beta cells .: Type 1 diabetes ∗ encompasses diabetes that is primarily a result of pancreatic beta cell destruction with consequent insulin deficiency, which is. Classification of Circulatory Shock CARDIOGENIC Myopathic • Myocardial infarction (hibernating myocardium) • Left ventricle Right ventricle Blunt Cardiac Injury (trauma) Myocarditis Cardiomyopathy Post-ischemic myocardial stunning Septic myocardial depressionSeptic myocardial depression Pharmacologic • Anthracycline cardiotoxicit

Duke criteria for infective endocarditis Radiology

Infective endocarditis - SlideShar

AbstractFrom an epidemiologic point of view, right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) affects different types of patients: intravenous drug users (IDUs), cardiac device carriers (pacemakers and implantable automatic defibrillators), and the 3 noes endocarditis group: no left-sided, no IDUs, no cardiac devices. Our objective is to describe and compare the clinical profile and outcome of. Endocarditis is a noncontagious chronic infection of the valves or lining of the heart, mainly caused by bacteria, although fungi can also be associated with this infection (1).The risk of infection of heart valves in persons predisposed to acquiring infective endocarditis increases with the following conditions: congenital heart disease, rheumatic fever, major dental treatment, open heart. Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is defined as a focal collection of blood within the brain parenchyma or ventricular system that is not caused by trauma.1 It is a heterogeneous condition resulting from several distinct underlying vasculopathies. Several interacting and overlapping risk factors may play a role in the vessel rupture. The overall incidence of ICH [

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare disease, but its incidence is highly variable according to the underlying heart disease; incidence is highest in patients with prior endocarditis We identified individuals with a discharge from an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of endocarditis in the PHD using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes (421.0, 421.9, 424.90, 424.91, and 424.99) between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2015 to allow for at least 6 months of observation before and after the. Classification systems for regurgitant aortic valves and new repair techniques have enabled indications to become clearer and repair strategies to emerge. These developments are similar to early experience with the mitral valve, and repair is now the preferred treatment in mitral valve endocarditis

The classification is based on light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunofluor... more. For You Libman-Sacks endocarditis is the most characteristic cardiac manifestation of lupus. It. endocarditis [1]. Government sponsored research and development program to promote the growth of antibiotic's research. In order to contribute toward this research in mid of 1940s a 71 years old Benjamin Minge Duggar head of the soil engineering department identified tetracycline as a therapeutic substance produced by soil microorganisms In this 2001 case report, the second case of human endocarditis was reported in a patient diagnosed with a N. elongata subsp. elongata infection. The organism was identified through biochemical tests that agreed with the known biochemical features of N. elongata subsp. elongata , particularly oxidase positive, and catalase, urea, and acid negative endocarditis than bacteraemia induced by invasive dental procedures the following ICD-10 (international classification of diseases, 10th revision) codes for hospital discharge diagnoses: presence of prosthetic heart valve (Z95.2), infection and inflammatory reaction due to cardia Significant and sustained mitral regurgitation can be associated with endocarditis and thromboembolism and have the associated findings. Previous Next: Classification I. The first classification of mitral regurgitation (MR) (mitral valve insufficiency) is based on the etiology (congenital vs acquired). Congenital.

Salmonella typhimurium Endocarditis and Myocarditis in a Cat

Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high mortality. However, data on factors associated with length of stay (LOS) in hospital due to IE are scarce. In addition, long-term mortality of. Signs and symptoms. Intracranial hemorrhage is a serious medical emergency because the buildup of blood within the skull can lead to increases in intracranial pressure, which can crush delicate brain tissue or limit its blood supply.Severe increases in intracranial pressure (ICP) can cause brain herniation, in which parts of the brain are squeezed past structures in the skull 406 Joint American College of CardiologyJournal of the American Medical Association Late-Breaking Clinical Trials.ts | 407 Joint American College of CardiologyNew England Journal of Medicine Late-Breaking Clinical Trials.ts | 411 Late-Breaking Clinical Trials V.ts | 908 Highlighted Original Research Multimodality Imaging and the Year in Review.ts | 910 Highlighted Original Research Ischemic. Infective endocarditis, a serious infection of the endo-cardium of the heart, particularly the heart valves, is asso- Original Duke criteria for the diagnosis and classification of infective endocarditisa Major criteria Minor criteria Diagnosis 1. Positive blood culture i) Typical organism in >2 blood cultures in the. Introduction. Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endothelium of the heart. It has an annual incidence of 3-10/100,000 of the population with a mortality of up to 30% at 30 days. 1,2 The epidemiology of IE has gradually changed over the years with healthcare-associated IE now accounting for 25-30% of contemporary cohorts as a result of a greater use of intravenous lines and.

Infective endocarditis (IE) is an endovascular infection and inflammation with vegetation formation, usually caused by infectious agents. Bacterial infection is most common for IE, but other pathogens such as fungi, richettsia, IE can be divided by several classifications The most common organisms causing bacterial endocarditis are staphylococci, streptococci, and enterococci species. Diagnosis. Fever is by far the most common sign or symptom of acute infective endocarditis. Other constitutional symptoms include chills, sweats, loss of appetite, and malaise [2] Endocarditis, also called infective endocarditis, is an infection and inflammation of the heart valves and the inner lining of the heart chambers, which is called the endocardium. Endocarditis occurs when infectious organisms, such as bacteria or fungi, enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart. In most cases, these organisms are. •Review the criteria for bacterial classification and identification •Discuss the principles underlying the biochemical, staining and molecular techniques used for classification, identification and diagnosis Endocarditis • 3. Meningitis • 4. Pharyngitis • 5. Pneumonia • 6. Conjunctivitis • 7. lntra-abdominal abscess • 8.

Duke Criteria for Infective Endocarditis - MDCal

endocarditis, prosthetic valve endocarditis and endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers [2-4]. As reported in a study with an IE population of 223 episodes, complications occurred in 74% patients, including cardiac, neurological, septic, renal, embolism and infarction/ abscess [7] endocarditis, pneumonia, skin infections, bone •Genotypic. Phenotypic Classification •Microscopic morphology -Gram stain, shape i.e., rods (bacillus), spheres (cocci), curved or spiral, size •Macroscopic -Hemolytic properties on agar containing blood, pigmentation of the colonies, size and shape o This is an electrocardiogram from a man in his 80's. The patient has severe lung disease, has mitral regurgitation secondary to bacterial endocarditis, and is taking digoxin, Lasix and potassium.The electrocardiogram shows sinus rhythm and a QRS with a left axis deviation, a QRS duration of 118 milliseconds and a tall R wave in the first precordial lead V1 with an R wave height of. of Tropheryma whipplei endocarditis previously unrecognized [13]. The association of both techniques has the potential to reduce the response time compared to the standard culture and in addition to the detection and classification of organisms, the selected antimicrobial resistance is also defined. All several studie Applying the international classification of diseases to perinatal mortality data, South Africa Tina Lavin a, Emma R Allanson b, Lee Nedkoff c, David B Preen a & Robert C Pattinson d. a. Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009, Perth, Australia

Infective Endocarditis - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

No majority of reported casesof GABS endocarditis, however, heart murmur had been noted in any of the past admis- Lancefield classification was not done or reported, thus sions.Examination revealed a well-developed black wom- beta-hemolytic streptococci were not definitely identified an in mild distress The benefits and hazards of catheterization and angiography were evaluated in 19 patients with acute aortic and/or mitral endocarditis and heart failure. In 14 patients (74 percent), the bedside diagnosis of valvular insufficiency and heart failure was proved correct. In three patients with both aortic and mitral valve disease, angiography (without hemodynamic measurements) was necessary to. Using the 1998-2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which provides diagnoses from about 8 million U.S. hospitalizations annually, we examined endocarditis hospitalizations, bacteriology, co-morbidities, outcomes and costs. Hospital admissions for endocarditis rose from 25,511 in 1998 to 38, 976 in 2009 (12.7 per 100,000 population in 2009) In subacute endocarditis the interval between the colonization of the endocardium and the onset of symptoms is usually less than two weeks. Because the symptoms are usually nonspecific, on average there is a delay of five weeks between onset of symptoms and diagnosis. The most common symptom is a low-grade fever (range of 38oC)

The following are key points to remember from the 2018 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) Guideline for the Management of Adults With Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD): This guideline is a major update to the ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of ACHD. The 2018 guideline reflects the new format of. Thrombophilia is a well-described consequence of cancer and its treatment. The pathogenesis of this phenomenon is complex and multifactorial. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a serious and potentially underdiagnosed manifestation of this prothrombotic state that can cause substantial morbidity in affected patients, most notably recurrent or multiple ischemic cerebrovascular strokes

Profile of infective endocarditis at a tertiary care center in Brazil during a seven-year period: prognostic factors and in-hospital outcome. By Teresa Cristina Ferrari. Increasing incidence and mortality of infective endocarditis: a population-based study through a record-linkage system Suspected endocarditis: Patients with Duke-Li-ESC 2015 classification as a major morphological criterion or at least two minor criteria, other than a microbiological criterion, will be considered suspicious of infectious endocarditis. Not objecting to their inclusion in the study after delivery and explanation of the information form

Endocarditis caused by highly virulent organisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus, is often associated with acute inflammation characterized by extensive neutrophilic infiltration as well as large colonies of microorganism-associated areas of tissue destruction. In cases of subacute endocarditis caused by less virulent organisms, such as viridans. INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS (IE) is a disease with high mortality, which requires early diagnosis to give appropriate treatment. Early identification of patients at risk for IE continues to present a challenge because clinical findings can vary widely. 1 To aid diagnosis, formal criteria were published by Pelletier and Petersdorf 2 in 1977. In 1981, Von Reyn et al 3 modified these criteria and. The incidence of endocarditis declined in recent years. The most common organisms were Staphylococcus (22.0%), Streptococcus (20.0%), and Enterococcus (15.5%). Important predictors for IE were younger age at TAVR, male sex, prior IE, end-stage renal disease, repeat TAVR procedures, liver and lung disease, and post-TAVR acute kidney injury

Antifungal drugsTables/Figures: Antibiotic Therapy for Positive Blood Cultures

Modified Carpentier functional classification of mitral valve disease. Modified Carpentier functional classification of mitral valve disease: Carpentier in 1983 described a classification, mainly for mitral regurgitation, from the point of view of surgical repair [1].It took into account the etiology, pathology and pathophysiology of mitral valve dysfunction Understand the basics, causes, classification and ECG features of major Bradyarrhythmias. Learn from the experts in the field and grow your practice

Stroke - Basic Science - Orthobullets

Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. J Am Dent Assoc 2008;139 Suppl:3S-24S Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare condition with significant morbidity and mortality. It may arise following bacteraemia in a patient with a predisposing cardiac lesion. In an attempt to prevent this disease, over the past 50 years, at-risk patients have been given antibiotic prophylaxis before dental an

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Bacterial endocarditis occurs in humans who most often have artificial heart valves, heart disorders, or hypertrophic cariomyopathy (5). Dental surgery, oral trauma, urologic or gynecologic surgery, skin infections and intravenous drug use will increase the chances of endocarditis Aortic valve: healed endocarditis. Note the gaping hole with the fibrous rim, and a small strand at the free edge. The hole is at the line of closure ICD-10-CM Code for Acute and subacute infective endocarditis I33.0 ICD-10 code I33.0 for Acute and subacute infective endocarditis is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - Diseases of the circulatory system . Subscribe to Codify and get the code details in a flash