Statin therapy

What is Statin Therapy? Sutter Healt

Statin Therapy Circulatio

Statin therapy has proven effective in improving hyperlipidaemia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus receiving protease inhibitor treatment 10 and in patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tocilizumab (Figure 1). 2 Most statins undergo hepatic metabolism through CYP3A4, and concomitant administration of CYP3A4 inhibitors currently used in COVID-19, such as ritonavir and cobicistat, could increase the risk of muscle and liver toxicity; therefore, starting with a lower dose of. reduction in LDL-C, darker shading) and moderate-intensity therapy (30% to 50% reduction in LDL-C, lighter shading). *In one trial atorvastatin 40 mg was used for down-titration if unable to tolerate 80 mg To interpret our results, the effect of statin therapy on the immune system should be considered. Based on the immunomodulatory effects of statins, statin therapy was considered as a prophylactic treatment option in the pandemic crisis of influenza in the past

Although generally considered safe, statin therapy has been reported to contribute to induction of diabetes mellitus (DM). Objectives: To assess the risk-benefit of statin therapy, prescribed for the prevention of CVD, in the development of DM Statin therapy, muscle function and falls risk in community-dwelling older adults. Statin use may exacerbate muscle performance declines and falls risk associated with aging without a concomitant decrease in muscle mass, and this effect may be reversible with cessation

OBJECTIVE: Statin therapy is indicated in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines suggest the use of high intensity statins, although evidence with PAD specific data are lacking. The effect of statin therapy and dose on outcomes in PAD is investigated In all people who have been started on high-intensity statin treatment (both primary and secondary prevention, including atorvastatin 20 mg for primary prevention) aim for a greater than 40% reduction in non-HDL cholesterol Statin use was not associated with incident dementia (hazard ratio [HR], 1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97-1.40) or MCI (HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.77-1.22). At baseline, statin users had worse cognitive scores than nonusers. No association between statin use and decline in cognition over time was identified Initiate statin therapy without hs-CRP testing based on the patient's age and other risk factors. Model inputs. Age: 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, or 70 Gender: Male or female Risk factors: None, hypertension only, smoking and hypertension. Statin Effect by hs-CRP level 'Equivalent' = statins reduce the relative risk of CVD equally for all hs-CRP level statin therapy compared with placebo, the risk for cardiovascular disease mortality was reduced by 14 percent per 38.7mg/dL LDL-C reduction.3 Moderate- or high-intensity statins are recommended for the diabetes group and high-intensity statins ar

ACC/AHA Release Updated Guideline on the Treatment of

  1. The effects of statin therapy on the progression or regression of coronary atherosclerosis are related to both their lipid-lowering effect and their CRP-lowering effect
  2. Conclusions: In adults ≥65 years of age, statin therapy was not associated with incident dementia, MCI, or declines in individual cognition domains. These findings await confirmation from ongoing randomized trials
  3. It is well established that statins reduce adverse cardiovascular outcomes but it remains unclear whether this reduction applies to older adults. Although older individuals have the highest absolute risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events, the US guidelines for blood pressure and cholesterol recommend lower-intensity,.
  4. Conclusions— Trial data show that statins reduce the risk of stroke, in addition to providing cardiovascular benefits. Consequently, physicians should consider statin therapy in all patients at high risk of stroke. Statins reduce the incidence of coronary events in patients with and without prior coronary artery disease (CAD), and have become.
  5. From our own phase II trial comparing HP802-247 with compression alone, 3 we know that of those subjects enrolling who were concomitantly undergoing statin therapy (n = 48, mean duration prestudy = 50·5 months), the overall healing rate at 12 weeks was only modestly higher than for those not on a statin (65% vs. 59%, not significant). If those subjects who were randomized to compression only and not treated with HP802-247 are considered, the difference is even smaller (50% vs. 45%, not.
  6. Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: Preventive Medication November 13, 2016 Recommendations made by the USPSTF are independent of the U.S. government. They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  7. Statin Therapy for Patients with Diabetes: Assesses adults 40-75 years of age who have diabetes and who do not have clinical ASCVD, who received and adhered to statin therapy. Why it Matters Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States

Muscle pain. One of the most noteworthy side effects associated with statin therapy is muscle aching and stiffness, which can be more severe as the statin dose and potency increase and may make. target of therapy. To achieve the non-HDL cholesterol goal, many patients will require statin therapy as well. This broad expansion of statin use will require that increased attention be given to every aspect of statin therapy (i.e., efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness). In view of the demonstrated safety of these agents, bot candidate for statin therapy If risk is 5-7.5%, consider moderate intensity statin if: LDL > 160 mg/dl, family history, hs CRP > 2, CAC>300 or 75%, ABI < .9, or high lifetime risk. Clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease LDL-C ≥ 190 mg/dl Type 1 or 2 Diabetes age 40-75 Age 40-75 Estimated 10 yr atherosclerotic CVD risk > 7.5

7.3 Statin Therapy (Moderate Risk) ICS

Statin Therapy. The 2018 ACC/AHA Blood Cholesterol Guidelines outline screening for lipid disorders, how to calculate ASCVD risk scores, and score utilization in statin initiation and selection. Focus, in treatment decisions, is placed on intensity of response rather than specific lipid value (Karr, 2017) Statin Therapy for Patient with Cardiovascular Disease (Prescribed) Metric Information Metric description: The percentage of males, 21-75 years of age, and females, 40-75 years of age, who were identified as having clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and wer

Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular

  1. Statin therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of vascular events in younger individuals with manifest atherosclerotic disease or at high risk of vascular events. However, data derived from meta-analyses of existing trials suggests that the efficacy of statins may decline sharply amongst those over 70-75 years of age
  2. Statin therapy is generally recommended to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. None of the current clinical guidelines, however, offer sex-specific recommendations for women due to lack of understanding of sex differences and underlying mechanisms of disease processes. In addition, conclusions regarding efficacy of treatments do not.
  3. Said the researchers: Continued expansion of CAC may indicate failure of some patients to benefit from statin therapy and an increased risk of having cardiovascular events (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, April 1, 2004). Doctors have discovered that injections of a certain substance can reverse heart disease in some patients
  4. ator criteria for inclusion, but are not prescribed or using statin therapy, will NOT meet performance for this measure
  5. Statin therapy, regardless of statin type, was used to control LDL-C at the targeted level in each group. Safety and efficacy were compared between groups. The EMPATHY study is the first to assess the benefits of intensive versus standard statin therapy for patients with hypercholesterolemia and diabetic retinopathy in a primary prevention setting
  6. Statin therapy may reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which may impact solid organ transplant outcomes. We evaluated the incidence of VTE and other complications after liver transplantation stratified by hyperlipidemia status and statin use using a retrospective cohort study approach
  7. Statin therapy may lead to a better prognosis than no statin therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation, including the subgroup of patients who may be vulnerable to statin therapy and those without atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, with high‐intensity statin use leading to more favorable outcomes

Statin therapy: does sex matter? - PubMe

Statin therapy may cause symptomatic adverse events (eg, muscle pain or weakness) in up to about 50-100 patients (ie, 0·5-1·0% absolute harm) per 10 000 treated for 5 years. However, placebo-controlled randomised trials have shown defi nitively that almost all of the symptomatic adverse events that are attributed to statin therapy i Statin Therapy in Chronic Viral Hepatitis: A systematic review and meta- analysis of 9 studies with 195,602 participant Statin therapy was defined as the use of statins at baseline and follow-up CCTA, whereas no statin use was defined as no statin use before both CCTA scans. In a sensitivity analysis, a third group—patients who started statin therapy after baseline CCTA—was compared with statin-naive patients at both scans, with results presented in eFigure.

The testing of statin therapy in animal models of inflammatory disease and, more recently, in clinical trials has provided tantalizing evidence that this class of drug might be of benefit to. Statin Therapy and COVID-19 Infection (STACOV) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government The statin exposure assessment window extended from 180 days before to 180 days after the first incident diabetes record to allow time for a diagnostic work-up, blood lipid testing, and decisions surrounding the advisability of starting statin therapy Statin therapy is associated with attenuated inflammation and a Bact2 prevalence comparable to that observed among lean and overweight subjects. Circles represent individual host configurations in. Statins are currently the most widely prescribed lipid-lowering drugs. Individual statins are known to be metabolised by the CYP3A4 isoform of the cytochrome P450 system. The effect of CYP3A4 inducers such as phenytoin on the metabolism and efficacy of these agents is unknown. We report a patient with familial hypercholesterolaemia and epilepsy in whom the introduction and subsequent.

Statin therapy, lipid levels, C-reactive protein and the

  1. Received Statin Therapy. Members who were dispensed at least one statin medication of any intensity during the measurement year. Statin Adherence 80%. Members who remained on a statin medication of any intensity for at least 80% of the treatment period. Best Practice and Measure Tip
  2. Restarting statin therapy in these patients can be challenging, but it is important, especially in patients at high risk of cardiovascular events, for whom prevention of these events is a priority
  3. or TIA who were prescribed± high intensity statin therapy* and patients aged 75 and older who were prescribed moderate^ or high intensity statin therapy at discharge. Definitions: *High Intensity Statin Therapy-defined as dose expected to reduce LDL-C by greater than or equal to 50% and includes the following: (1,2) Atorvastatin 40-80mg everyda
  4. Statin therapy is recommended for patients with a history of MI, CABG, IVD, PCI or other revascularization, but are not included in this measure. If the below contraindications were diagnosed during the current or prior year, please document in the patient's medical record: • End-stage renal disease (ESRD) • Cirrhosi
  5. In general it is felt that the benefits of statin therapy in high-risk patients outweigh the risk of diabetes development. Statin Intolerance. Patients are considered statin intolerant if they develop side effects and are unable to continue to use a statin medication or able to only tolerate lower doses
  6. When asked their preference for using statin therapy after reviewing their benefit and risk information, 45% of the participants reported they would definitely or probably choose statin therapy. As the risk increased, the proportion who would choose statin therapy generally increased (from 31.1% for a risk <5% to 82.6% for a risk >50%)

The new guidelines proved more accurate and efficient at identifying people at increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and subclinical coronary artery disease. The findings were consistent for men and women. They were particularly important for people at intermediate risk, for whom deciding when to begin statin therapy is challenging Objective It is uncertain whether patients with cardioembolic stroke and without a guidance-based indication for statin therapy should be administered a statin for prevention of subsequent vascular events. This study was performed to determine whether the statin therapy is beneficial in preventing major vascular events in this population. Methods Using a prospective multicenter stroke registry. using statin therapy will NOT meet performance for this measure. Adherence to statin therapy is not calculated in this measure. Denominator Exceptions should be active during the measurement period. Numerator Options: Performance Met: Patients who are currently statin therapy users or received an order (prescription) for statin therapy (G9664) O

Statin Therapy in Children IntechOpe

  1. Objective To estimate relative risk (RR) of statin-associated musculoskeletal symptoms by statin therapy intensity. Setting Network meta-analysis assessing multicentre randomised controlled trials (RCTs) across several countries. Participants PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane database and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched through January 2021 for doubled-blinded RCTs testing the effect of statin.
  2. In a bid to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease, statin therapy has become a cornerstone treatment for patients with dyslipideamia. Statins, or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, are effective in blocking hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and are generally regarded as safe. Although rare, severe adverse side effects such as rhabdomyolysis have been reported.
  3. statin therapy. Sep 08 2020. Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of CVD in Adults: Patient-Facing CDS Intervention. Artifact Type. Event-Condition-Action (ECA) rule. Publisher
  4. The benefit of statin therapy for secondary prevention in older patients has recently been confirmed by a metaanalysis of nine clinical trials , which concluded that the reduction in mortality associated with statin therapy in older patients was much greater than previously estimated

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This Review is intended to help clinicians, patients, and the public make informed decisions about statin therapy for the prevention of heart attacks and strokes. It explains how the evidence that is available from randomised controlled trials yields reliable information about both the efficacy and safety of statin therapy. In addition, it discusses how claims that statins commonly cause. It is possible that statin therapy only plays an intermediate role in the risk of atrial fibrillation, when there is acute inflammation, which can be effectively decreased. Patients with low risk of atrial fibrillation or normal heart structure are unlikely to benefit from statin therapy for primary prevention of atrial fibrillation

Statin - Wikipedi

  1. Statin therapy was not associated with dementia, mild cognitive impairment and/or any of its subclassifications, according to a secondary analysis of the ASPREE trial of aspirin therapy among.
  2. • Statin therapy is safe when used properly and monitored. • Engage patients in the discussion before initiating statin therapy and lifestyle changes. • Start with the appropriate intensity of statin therapy to reduce ASCVD risk, and regularly monitor patients for adherence to lifestyle changes and appropriate intensity of statin therapy
  3. Statin therapy reduces low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and the risk of cardiovascular events, but whether the addition of ezetimibe, a nonstatin drug that reduces intestinal.
  4. Adherence to statin therapy is not calculated in this measure. Intensity of statin therapy in primary and secondary prevention: The expert panel of the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines (Stone et al., 2014) defines recommended intensity of statin therapy on the basis of the average expected LDL-C response to specific statin and dose
  5. Importance The 2018 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Guideline on the Management of Blood Cholesterol recommends the use of risk-enhancing factor assessment and the selective use of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring to guide the allocation of statin therapy among individuals with an intermediate risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)
  6. Coronary artery calcium scoring was found to aid in choosing to pursue statin therapy in individuals with intermediate risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). A cross-sectional study performed by Jaideep Patel, MD; Vincent A. Pallazola, MD; and Ramzi Dudum, MD, MPH; et al, found that for patients with an intermediate risk of.

Switching, Persistence and Adherence to Statin Therapy: a Retrospective Cohort Study Using the Australian National Pharmacy Data. Stella Talic, Clara Marquina, Richard Ofori-Asenso, Mariana Petrova, Danny Liew, Alice Owen, Sean Lybrand, David T, Jenni Ilomӓki, Ella Zomer, Zanfina Ademi statin therapy is recommended for the same group, with a ≥7.5% estimated 10-year ASCVD risk, unless contraindicated. Statin use should also be evaluated for individuals outside the age-range and cholesterol levels noted above, based on overall ASCVD benefits compared to adverse effects and drug interactions The discovery of HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA) reductase inhibitors, called statins, was a breakthrough in the prevention of hypercholesterolemia and related diseases. Hypercholesterolemia is considered to be one of the major risk factors for atherosclerosis which often leads to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases Spence, J. David, and George K. Dresser. Overcoming challenges with statin therapy. Journal of the American Heart Association 5.1 (2016): e002497. Ueda, Peter, et al. Treatment gaps and potential cardiovascular risk reduction from expanded statin use in the US and England. PloS One 13.3 (2018): e0190688 An Australian study from 2011 to 2012 reported that intensity of statin regimens were likely insufficient to meet the recommended LDL-C targets, and a large proportion of statin users did not reach their LDL target level (56% on high, 69% on moderate and 82% on low-intensity statin therapy did not reach the target) . However, little is known.

Objective: To assess the association between statin therapy and risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) in a prospective cohort study with documented statin exposure and incident dementia. Methods: This is a prospective, cohort study of statin use and incident dementia and probable AD. A cohort of 2,356 cognitively intact persons, aged 65 and older, were randomly selected from a health maintenance. Statin therapy for patients with cardiovascular disease (SPC) Effectiveness of Care HEDIS® measure Measurement definition Male patients ages 21 to 75 and female patients ages 40 to 75 who are identified as having clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and who wer Statin Therapy. As a class, adverse events associated with statin therapy are not common. Statins do not appear to raise cancer risk, but do result in a higher risk of diabetes, according to the results of a large study. Among individual statins, simvastatin and pravastatin seem safer and more tolerable than other statins, according to the study modifications following statin therapy were mo-dest, clinical benefits that accompanied the therapy have been significant. Numerous clinical studies have correlated the reduction of blood cholesterol induced by these compounds with the reduction of the number of major coronary events, as well as general mortality in coronary patients [1]

Statins are drugs used to lower cholesterol. Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can stick to the walls of your arteries and narrow or even block them. If diet and exercise don't reduce your cholesterol levels, you may need to take cholesterol medicine. Often, this medicine is a statin Recent studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of statin therapy among patients with liver disease and cirrhosis. 13. , 14 Emerging evidence suggests multiple beneficial effects of statins in these patients independent of their lipid-lowering effects. Improvement in portal hypertension, reduction in the incidence of hepatocellular. Alternate-day statin therapy has been well tolerated in these trials, with patients experiencing very few ADRs and, overall, fewer ADRs than patients on a daily statin regimen. 2 In particular, alternate-day rosuvastatin or atorvastatin was very well tolerated in a majority of patients who were previously statin-intolerant. 5-7 Unfortunately. Statin therapy may be a pharmacological strategy to improve arterial elasticity. It has been shown that the positive benefits of statin therapy on cardiovascular disease is attributable not only to their lipid-lowering capacity but also to various pleiotropic effects, such as their anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, antioxidant, and.

Statin therapy is generally a life long treatment. Discontinuation of statins is followed within few weeks by a rise in LDL-C to pretreatment levels Remember. 9. Dosages 10. The bad Cognitive Effects: statins and memory loss (including reports of transient global amnesia), forgetfulness and confusion. Muscle pain: Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone. STATIN SELECTION. The choice of statin therapy begins with the clinician's preferred treatment approach, whether that is the ACC/AHA method of statin treatment groups or the AACE method of LDL-C or non-HDL-C goals. From there, properties of each statin must be taken into account to determine the best option for the individual patient Statin therapy at admission was associated with significantly lower all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. It should be noted that the impact of statin therapy attenuated in the nonagenarians. Furthermore, we demonstrated differences in all-cause mortality according to history of CAD and statin therapy. The present study included the largest. Statin therapy is discontinued at a high rate (sometimes prematurely or un-necessarily) *goal is optimizing the diagnosis and avoiding both over- and underrepresenting the condition *Intolerance can be due to any reason, but most commonly intolerance to due to muscl Statin therapy may cause symptomatic adverse events (eg, muscle pain or weakness) in up to about 50-100 patients (ie, 0·5-1·0% absolute harm) per 10 000 treated for 5 years. However, placebo-controlled randomised trials have shown definitively that almost all of the symptomatic adverse events that are attributed to statin therapy in.

Baseline neurocognitive ability was an effect modifier for the associations of statins with dementia (p for interaction < 0.001) and memory change (p for interaction = 0.02). Conclusions: In adults ≥65 years of age, statin therapy was not associated with incident dementia, MCI, or declines in individual cognition domains Statin therapy has been recently suggested as possible adjuvant treatment to improve the clinical outcome in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of preadmission statin therapy in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and to investigate its potential association with acute.

Statin side effects: Weigh the benefits and risks - Mayo

However, although the assessment of statin therapy in African-American patients has been limited to a relatively small, placebo-controlled trial or to subgroup analyses from larger trials in predominantly white trial populations ( Table 2), the findings from these trials suggest that the response of African Americans to statins is similar to. Statin Medication Adherence: Issues • Although the benefits of statin therapy have been evident from a number of randomized clinical trials, their effectiveness can be seen in the real patient population only if there i

Statin therapy in midlife women. agosto 2, 2021. Chrisandra L Shufelt. Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society 2021 July 19. The menopause transition is associated with adverse changes to the lipid profile. Although there are no specific treatment guidelines for women, current evidence supports the use of statin therapy. intensive statin therapy: Is it necessary? Started By: michmoga , MD, Cardiology, General, 10:43PM Jan 06, 2012 Numerous studies and meta-analyses have shown some small [but additiona] benefits with intensive, highest-approved doses of statins to further reduce the risk of cardiovascular events Virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) imaging is an innovative tool for the morphological evaluation of coronary atherosclerosis. Evidence for the effects of statin therapy on VH-IVUS parameters have been inconclusive. Consequently, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the impact of statin therapy on plaque volume and its composition using VH-IVUS Statin OBJECTIVE The intent of the Statin Step Therapy (ST) program is to encourage the use of cost-effective generic statins (HMG Co-A reductase inhibitors) prior to the use of brand statins for the management of high blood cholesterol. This 1-step program includes all brand statin o more intensive versus less intensive statin therapy. Further reductions in LDL cholesterol produce definite further reductions in the incidence of major vascular events. background. Lowering of LDL cholesterol with standard statin regimens reduces the risk of major vascular events in a wide range of individuals

Statin therapy may decrease the incidence of TB infection in elderly Taiwanese patients with type 2 DM: Lai et al. (2016) Retrospective nested case-control study: 1999-2011: To examine whether statin therapy decreases the risk of active TB: New TB cases and control patients: N/A: 8098 cases and 809800 controls: Conditional logistic regression. These are patients who would not presently be considered as candidates for statin therapy. So even though participants had what is currently considered to be normal cholesterol or LDL, if your CRP.

Researchers found statin therapy was not associated with a significant reduction in the primary outcome (HR = 0.84 95% CI, 0.58-1.21; P = .35); however, numerically fewer events occurred in the. Second, based on the time-course of statin treatment in subgroup analysis, the benefits of high-intensity statin therapy were visible within 12 months compared with standard statin administration. Third, similar to non-Asian ACS patients, Asian participants could benefit more from high-intensity statin therapy compared to standard statin treatment A recent case report success reintroducing statin therapy to a patient who previously had experienced stain-induced rhabdomyolysis. 2. The report, recently featured in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology, described a 43-year-old patient having an episode of rhabdomyolysis 3 months after starting atorvastatin 20 mg daily

Statins - NH

April 01, 2013. BOSTON, MA — Nearly one in five patients treated with a statin in a routine-care setting had a statin-related adverse event documented, the most common of which was myalgia or. Statin therapy - Administration of one or more of a group of medications that are used to lower plasma lipoprotein levels in the treatment of hyperlipoproteinemia. Statin Medication Therapy List (NOTE: List does NOT include dosage) is included in the clinical recommendations Statin therapy prescribed to lower cholesterol also appears to lower testosterone, according to a new study that evaluated nearly 3,500 men who had erectile dysfunction or ED

Statin therapy in COVID-19 infection European Heart

The Statin Recapture Therapy Before Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (START-CABG) is a large-scale study conducted at 8 European centers investigating the potential benefits of reloading patients 12 and 2 hours prior to bypass surgery with high-dose statin therapy. This trial will further inform us about whether additional high-intensity. Almost half of patients who meet American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) criteria for statin therapy are untreated. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported reasons for not using guideline-recommended statin therapy in a public healthcare system. Achieving this goal is key to addressing gaps in care and reducing preventable cardiovascular morbidity

Statin Therapy and the Risk of COVID-19: A Cohort Study of

ACC/AHA Release Updated Guideline on the Treatment ofStatin Side Effects Include Brain Damage and LoweredHow Can We Improve Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Statin

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Stable coronary syndromes: pathophysiology, diagnosticIs Coronary Calcium Scanning the Mammography of the HeartASCVD Risk Estimator App, a cardiovascular disease riskRACGP - Coronary artery calcium in primary preventionRheumatologe: Scleroderma / Ulcers on fingers